India’s population is estimated to shrink by 41 crores in the next 78 years, according to a Stanford study. As per Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data, India’s current population is 1.52 billion. According to the report, India’s population density is likely to decrease to 335 persons per km sq by 2100. It is projected that the fall may be higher than what is projected for the entire world. Presently, 476 people live in every sq.kilometere in India on average. Citing the reason for the decline in population density projection; the latest report by the Population Division of the United Nations says India’s population estimates shrinkage in the period may result in this scenario.
Countries like China and the US are also expected to witness a similar trend.
Not only India but countries like China and the US are also expected to witness a similar trend. The report claims China’s population may shrink by an astounding 93.2 crore to just 49.4 crores in the year 2100.
Considering the case of the low fertility rate scenario, the projections are made and India’s fertility rate is expected to fall from 1.76 births per woman to 1.39 in 2032, 1.28 in 2052, 1.2 in 2082, and 1.19 in 2100. A sharp downward trend in India and for the world as a whole is evident. As countries get richer, fertility rates appear to decline to levels consistent, not with a constant population. But actually with a declining population. Though India, China, and the US may experience a decline in population. African nations may become the epicenter to drive global growth in the second half of this century.