Every year on September 10, World Suicide Prevention Day (WSPD) is observed to raise awareness about strategies to prevent suicide.
This day was first observed on September 10, 2003, as a result of an effort by the International Association for Suicide Prevention.
Recognizing warning signals and knowing how to respond to such a crisis is the greatest approach to prevent suicide.
Every year, IASP organises hundreds of activities or programmes to commemorate the day in more than 60 countries.
History of World Suicide Prevention Day:
World Suicide Prevention Day was established in 2003 by the International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP). The World Federation for Mental Health and the World Health Organization are co-sponsoring the event. The goal of the day is to do study and gather data on suicidal behaviour, understand the numerous causes and why its warning signs go missed, and establish effective suicide prevention methods and policies.
The WHO’s global suicide prevention campaign, which began in 1999, was mentioned on the first World Suicide Prevention Day in 2003. Because the first year of the day was a success, the WHO formally agreed to co-sponsor the event again in 2004, making it an annual recognised day, citing the following as its main goals: “the organisation of global, regional, and national multi-sectoral activities to increase awareness…”
WSPD 2021’s theme:
The theme for World Suicide Prevention Day in 2021 is “Creating Hope Through Action,” which promises a unified effort to prevent suicide.
Suicide risk factors include:
Physical and especially mental health disabling issues such as depression are among the most common of a long list of complex and interrelated factors that can contribute to the feelings of pain and hopelessness that underpin suicide, ranging from financial problems to the experience of abuse, aggression, exploitation, and mistreatment. Substance and alcohol misuse are frequently involved.
Public knowledge of social stigma and suicidal conduct is emphasised in most prevention initiatives.