The Supreme Court posted for hearing on December 6 a batch of petitions challenging the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA), 2019. A bench of Chief Justice of India UU Lalit and Justices S Ravindra Bhat and Bela M Trivedi granted two weeks to Assam and Tripura governments to file their responses on the pleas. It also appointed two lawyers as nodal counsel in the batch of cases challenging the validity of the Act. Advocate Pallavi Pratap, advocate for petitioner Indian Union Muslim League (IUML) and advocate Kanu Agrawal; counsel for the Central government, were nominated as nodal counsel to prepare a compilation of all relevant documents.
At least 220 petitions against the CAA were filed before the top court.
At least 220 petitions against the CAA were filed before the top court. CAA was passed by Parliament on December 11, 2019 and it was met with protests all across the country. The CAA came into effect on January 10, 2020. A Kerala-based political party Indian Union Muslim League (IUML); Trinamool Congress MP Mahua Moitra, Congress leader and former union minister Jairam Ramesh; All India Majlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen(AIMIM) leader Asaduddin Owaisi, Congress leader Debabrata Saikia; NGOs Rihai Manch and Citizens Against Hate, Assam Advocates Association, and law students among others had filed a plea before the top court challenging the Act. In 2020, the Kerala government also filed a suit in the apex court becoming the first state to challenge the CAA.
The law fast-tracks the process of granting citizenship to Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists; Jains, Parsis and Christians who fled religious persecution in Afghanistan; Bangladesh and Pakistan and took refuge in India on or before December 31, 2014. The top court had earlier issued notice to the Centre and refused to pass an interim order staying the law without hearing the Centre