PM Narendra Modi announced the National Hydrogen Mission (NHM) launch on India’s 75th Independence Day. This mission was launched to push for the energy security of India. While announcing the mission, Modi emphasised the importance of energy independence, saying that the plan entails India becoming a global centre for green hydrogen production and exports.
Key points of National Hydrogen Mission:
The mission seeks to make India a global hub for green hydrogen production and exports.
This mission was announced in the backdrop of India spending Rs 12 trillion annually to meet its energy needs.
In the line, India is considering making it mandatory for fertilizer plants and oil refineries to buy green hydrogen under its plans to cut dependence on fossil fuels.
India currently imports 85% of its oil and 53% of its gas demand.
HOW IS HYDROGEN PRODUCED?
There are several ways of extracting hydrogen and, depending on the method, the hydrogen produced is classified as ‘gray,’ ‘blue,’ or ‘green’ hydrogen. But it is ‘green’ hydrogen that governments are aiming at.
Green hydrogen is produced by splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen using an electrolyzer powered by electricity from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar.
HOW DOES HYDROGEN FUEL HELP?
Hydrogen is the fuel of stars and packs incredible energy. It is also the most abundant element in the universe. But on Earth, it is found in complex molecules such as water or hydrocarbons. Hydrogen is not a source of energy, like fossil fuels or renewable sources like sunlight and air, but an energy carrier, which means it has to be produced, extracted, and stored before it can be used. Combusting one kilo of hydrogen releases three times more energy than a kilo of gasoline and has only water”.
Green hydrogen is the biggest goal and will help provide a quantum jump to India. India’s strategy will leverage scale for its ambitious green hydrogen plan in its renewable energy program, leading the country to run the world’s most extensive clean energy program. the government is also aiming to substitute some oil with one that is produced from sugarcane and other bio-materials