India’s unemployment rate surged to a one-year high of 8.3 per cent in August. As employment sequentially fell by 2 million to 394.6 million; according to data from the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE). During July, the unemployment rate was at 6.8 percent and the employment was 397 million. The urban unemployment rate is usually higher at about 8 percent than the rural unemployment rate; which is usually around 7 per cent. In August the urban unemployment rate shot up to 9.6 per cent and rural unemployment rate also increased to 7.7 per cent,” CMIE managing director Mahesh Vyas said. Vyas further stated that erratic rainfall affected sowing activities and this is one of the reasons for the increase in unemployment in rural India. The unemployment rate in rural India rose from 6.1 per cent in July to 7.7 per cent in August. More importantly, the employment rate fell from 37.6 percent to 37.3 percent.
The unemployment was the lowest in Chhattisgarh at 0.4 per cent followed by Meghalaya at 2 per cent.
Going forward, the rural unemployment rate may come down as delayed monsoon will increase agricultural activities towards the end of the monsoon season. However, it is not clear how the urban unemployment rate will play out in the coming months. Currently, it is quite elevated. During August, the unemployment was the highest in Haryana at 37.3 per cent followed by Jammu and Kashmir at 32.8 per cent, Rajasthan at 31.4 per cent, Jharkhand at 17.3 per cent and Tripura at 16.3 per cent, according to the data. While the unemployment was the lowest in Chhattisgarh at 0.4 per cent followed by Meghalaya at 2 per cent; Maharashtra at 2.2 per cent and Gujarat and Odisha at 2.6 per cent each, the data showed.