Ayman al-Zawahiri had mentioned India on several occasions from 2001 onward, the year of the September 11 attacks on the United States. He saw jihad in the subcontinent as a means of expanding the Afghan emirate. He wrote of the religious duty of the Muslim nation to fight in Afghanistan, Kashmir, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Chechnya. This was in line with what Osama bin Laden had himself said in 1996; condemning massacres in Tajikistan, Burma, Kashmir, Assam, the Philippines, Pattani, Ogaden, Somalia, Eritrea, Chechnya, and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Thereafter, in videos released from time to time, al-Zawahiri largely focused on Islam’s war against western powers. India mostly found passing mentions in them, and he spoke off and on about Kashmir. He asked Muslims to fight, and on one occasion in September 2003.
Ayman al-Zawahiri warned Muslims in Pakistan that General Pervez Musharraf would hand them over to Hindus and flee the country to enjoy his riches.
Ayman al-Zawahiri warned Muslims in Pakistan that General Pervez Musharraf, then President of Pakistan, would hand them over to Hindus and flee the country to enjoy his riches. But on two occasions in 2014 and 2022 — he released major videos that were focussed entirely on India. These Indian-centric videos were among al-Zawahiri’s most important messages to his followers. It contained important anouncements about his vision for jihad in the subcontinent. From 2011, when he took charge of al-Qaeda after Osama bin Laden was killed by US commandos in Pakistan. He is building a subcontinental front to wage jihad began to become an operational objective for al-Zawahiri. In a video released in 2014, he announced the formation of “Jamaat Qaidat al-jihad fi’shibhi al-qarrat al-Hindiya”. An Organisation of The Base of Jihad in the Indian Sub-Continent and said that; it was a message that al-Qaeda had not forgotten its Muslim brothers in India. He said jihadists would break the borders of British India and asked for Muslims in the subcontinent to unite.